23 April

Protecting Your Digital Assets



The numbers don’t lie. Businesses are under attack as criminals work to compromise systems and steal intellectual property. Here’s a short video that will help you understand the current threat landscape and assist you in your decision to protect your digital assets.

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22 April

A Frank Discussion About Password Security


beat-a-dead-horseYou, dear reader, are a responsible password user with perfect password hygiene:

  • You always use a password with a mix of letters, numbers and special characters.  You never use a pet’s name, an anniversary date or “password123.”
  • You never write your password down and leave the note in an unsecured location.
  • You never use the same password twice. You would never use the same password for a banking site as an online newsletter.
  • You strictly follow all password policies handed down by your business, organization and other entities.
  • You never enter your password into anything but a trusted login window that you are certain has not been hijacked by a guy named “l33t PETE.”

Congratulate yourself on your mastery and discipline in the area of password security! If you do not adhere to the list above, we have some work to do. Each point above has thousands of cautionary tales. Did you know…

  • Passwords used online since early March have the potential to have been stolen by a HeartBleed attack.
  • Password guessing (brute force) attacks steal millions of accounts on the Internet every year.
  • Insider threats from coworkers and untrustworthy janitorial services can turn that password on the post-it under your keyboard into a disaster.
  • Once a big site like LivingSocial gets infiltrated and has passwords stolen, the hackers turn around and try those same passwords on banking sites, shopping sites, etc.

Your internal dialogue is probably saying, “What’s the big deal with password security? No one wants access to my Facebook page or work email anyway.” Instead of trying to shame you into protecting against a threat that is hard to predict, here are three useful tips that will make you more secure and make passwords a little less awful:

Use a pass phrase and not a password. Instead of  “d0gFLEA$,” use, “My dog ROGER has no fleas!” There is no doubt which one is easier to remember, but which one is more secure? According to the Brute Force Password “Search Space” Calculator, the “dogFLEA$” password could be discovered within 18.62 hours through an online dictionary attack. “My dog ROGER has no fleas!,” on the other hand, would take 47 hundred trillion trillion centuries to discover through an offline dictionary attack. (Note: There are dictionary attacks that would be faster.)

Use a secure password manager. Instead of writing passwords down or storing them in an unprotected file, use one of the many secure password tools like KeePass. As long as the app uses encryption to save the password and makes you enter a password to unlock, it is much better than a post-it.

Separate passwords by the importance of what they protect. Your bank account should have a unique password, as should your corporate email account. If you are going to be lax, be lax with the things that are not important. Perhaps the password for your free newsletter account and the warranty site for your toaster can be the same.

Passwords are an annoying fact of life.  There are better ways to prove to computers you are who you say you are, but that is for another article.

Paul Hirsch is a Senior Network Engineer for Citon Computer Corp. If you have a question for Paul, use the form below. 

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15 April

IRS Misses Windows XP Expiration Deadline


Even the Internal Revenue (IRS) found itself unprepared to handle the expiration of Windows XP.



Microsoft cut support for Windows XP on April 8, which eliminated support and security updates necessary to keep the operating system secure. Those still running the aging platform were urged to upgrade to Windows 7.

According to TechSpot, 47 percent of Windows desktops and notebooks used by the IRS have been upgraded to Windows 7, leaving the remaining 58,000 Microsoft PCs in need of upgrades.

So, does that leave the remaining 53 percent of IRS operating systems vulnerable to compromise?

Microsoft has indicated it will provide custom support to the IRS until all systems are switched over. However, that service comes at a cost which some have estimated is in excess of $10 million.

According to an IRS spokesperson, “The IRS is working to complete the updates (to Windows 7) by the end of calendar year 2014.”

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9 April

What You Need to Know About the ‘Heartbleed’ Bug


(Screenshot heartbleed.com)

The world was hit with the news this week that some versions of a common encryption component used to protect your “secure information” had a serious flaw that gave hackers room to steal private data.

The component, OpenSSL, is used to encrypt your private information as it passes over the Internet, effectively turning your emails, passwords, IM chats and private social media into an undecipherable web of nonsense to anyone else but you and the service on the other side.

The “HeartBleed” bug gives hackers the ability to extract some of that information from sites with the vulnerable version of OpenSSL.

According to Business Insider, developers behind OpenSSL had already fixed the issue before it was announced.  Service providers and businesses will need to apply fixes to servers, a step most large providers have already taken.

But that doesn’t necessarily mean everyone is in the clear.

Security firm Codenomicon, whose researchers played a role in the bug’s discovery, is urging people to change their passwords.  As a security best practice, Citon recommends using different passwords for different types of accounts to protect against this and many other types of attacks.  Switch things up — it’s best not use the same password for Facebook and your online banking account.

(Customer systems covered by a Citon managed service agreement will be checked for HeartBleed vulnerability. Notification will be sent if any patching is needed and Citon will provide guidance on the potential impact.)

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8 April